Term Archives

  1. Systemic sclerosis - Scleroderma (ReelDx)

  2. Polymyositis (ReelDx)

  3. Vitiligo (ReelDx)

  4. Urticaria (ReelDx)

  5. Burns (ReelDx)

  6. Acanthosis nigricans (ReelDx)

  7. Dermatophyte Infections (ReelDx)

  8. Candidiasis (ReelDx)

  9. Impetigo (ReelDx)

  10. Cellulitis (ReelDx)

  11. Varicella-zoster virus infections (ReelDx)

  12. Molluscum contagiosum (ReelDx)

  13. Herpes simplex (ReelDx)

  14. Paronychia (ReelDx)

  15. Alopecia (ReelDx)

  16. Spider bites (ReelDx)

  17. Scabies (ReelDx)

  18. Lice (ReelDx)

  19. Acne vulgaris (ReelDx)

  20. Pityriasis rosea (ReelDx)

  21. Drug eruptions (ReelDx)

  22. Dyshidrosis

  23. Dermatitis (ReelDx)

  24. Tourette disorder (ReelDx)

  25. Syncope (ReelDx)

  26. Seizure disorders (ReelDx)

  27. Myasthenia gravis (ReelDx)

  28. Multiple sclerosis (ReelDx)

  29. Concussion (ReelDx)

  30. Cerebral palsy (ReelDx)

  31. Altered level of consciousness (ReelDx)

  32. Stroke (ReelDx)

  33. Intracranial hemorrhage (ReelDx)

    • Epidural Hematoma:  transient loss of consciousness from an injury, period of lucency, then neurologic deterioration. CT: lens-shaped, biconvex
    • Subdural Hematoma: elderly patient with a history of multiple falls who is now presenting with neurological symptom. May be chronic, taking days to weeks to develop symptoms. CT scan: Crescent shaped density in the brain
    • Subarachnoid hemorrhage: "explosive thunderclap" headache described as "the worst headache ever." Aneurysm or AVM rupture.
  34. Meningitis (ReelDx)

    Classic Triad: Fever, headache, stiff neck, petechiae (especially N. meningitidis)
    • Kernig's sign: knee flexion causes pain in neck (Remember K = Kernig's and K = Knee)
    • Brudzinski's sign: leg raise when bend neck
    • CSF Finding: 
      • Bacterial: ↑ Protein ↓ Glucose (bacteria love to eat glucose)
        • there is a markedly increased opening pressure
      • Viral:  normal pressure, increased WBC (lymphocytes)
  35. Tension headache (ReelDx)

    Bilateral, non-throbbing, band-like or "vice like" pain
    • A tension-type headache is typically described as bilateral, mild to moderate, dull pain, whereas a migraine is typically pulsating; unilateral; and associated with nausea, vomiting, and photophobia or phonophobia.
    • Treatment: NSAIDs, Excedrin, muscle relaxer
  36. Migraine (ReelDx)

    Unilateral (70%), throbbing, disabling pain, nausea, vomiting, photophobia
    • Classic: Aura and Common: No aura (80% of migraines)
    • Abortive: Triptans (do not use in ischemic heart disease), ergotamine (do not use in pregnant women)
  37. Depressive disorder (ReelDx)

  38. Obesity and Binge Eating Disorder (ReelDx)

  39. Attention-Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder (ReelDx)

  40. Panic disorder (ReelDx)

  41. Lymphoma (ReelDx)

    Hodgkin's Lymphomapainless lymphadenopathy + bimodal age distribution (15-35) and (>60)
    • Fever, chills, and night sweats for > 1 month. Painless enlarged posterior cervical and supraclavicular lymph nodes Virchow’s nodeCXR - mediastinal adenopathy. Excisional biopsy of lymph node shows Reed-Sternberg cells
    Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
    • Look for an immunocompromised (HIV) Patient with GI symptoms and painless peripheral lymphadenopathy
  42. Influenza (ReelDx)

  43. Herpes simplex (ReelDx)

  44. Erythema infectiosum (Slapped Cheek/ReelDx)

  45. Epstein-Barr virus infections (ReelDx)

  46. Cytomegalovirus infections (ReelDx)

  47. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ReelDx)

    Autoimmune reaction to platelets usually after a viral illness (ITP is insidious and chronic)
    • Diagnosis of exclusion
      • Associated with HIV, HCV, SLE, CLL
      • CBC normal except low platelets.  (+ Direct Coombs Test)
  48. Pericardial effusion (ReelDx)