Epiglottitis: The Daily PANCE Blueprint

Epiglottitis: The Daily PANCE Blueprint

Which of the following is the most common cause of acute epiglottitis?

A. Staphylococcus aureus
B. Haemophilus influenzae
C. Streptococcus pneumoniae
D. Streptococcus pyogenes
E. Neisseria meningitidis

Answer and topic summary

The answer is B. Haemophilus influenzae

Acute epiglottitis is an inflammatory condition of the epiglottitis (usually due to a bacterial infection). In severe situations, it is life-threatening. The most common cause overall is said to be Haemophilus influenzae; however, in adults Streptococcal species now tend to be more common. The management of this disease should focus on giving antibiotics and steroids. Airway management and securing an airway is the most important part of treatment.

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Smarty PANCE Content Blueprint Review:

Covered under ⇒ PANCE Blueprint PulmonaryInfectious Pulmonary Disorders ⇒ Acute epiglottitis

Also covered as part of the Pediatric EOR and Emergency Medicine EOR topic list

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