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abdominal flat plate
Abscess would be constant
fistula would drain
UC would cause bloody mucousy diarrhea
hemorrhoids would cause no pain, but bleeding.
chronic bronchitis with hypersensitive airways (asthmatic bronchitis)
Salter Harris Type I
Salter I = slight increase in Space between epiphyseal plate and metaphysis
Salter Harris Type II
Salter Harris Type III
Salter III = fx Lower (in the epiphyseal plate)
Salter Harris Type IV
Salter IV = fit Through (both the metaphysis and epiphysis)
Salter Harris Type V
Salter V = Really bad (comminuted fx compressing the epiphysis) This spells SALTR and may help you remember.
- Salter I = slight increase in Space between epiphyseal plate and metaphysis
- Salter II = fx Above the plate (in the metaphysis)
- Salter III = fx Lower (in the epiphyseal plate)
- Salter IV = fit Through (both the metaphysis and epiphysis)
- Salter V = Really bad (comminuted fx compressing the epiphysis) This spells SALTR and may help you remember.
a hiatal hernia visualized on chest x-ray
a normal erythrocyte sedimentation rate
calcified "popcorn" lesions in the lung fields bilaterally
diffuse ST segment elevation on his electrocardiograph
a widened A-a gradient on his arterial blood gas
white blood cell count and differential
chest X-ray (CXR)
MS may have dysarthria, but reflexes are normal, sensation is impaired and bladder function is frequently affected
Alzheimer's has normal neuro exam with cognitive disability.
Huntington's causes a movement disorder with writhing choreiform movements of the body
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Myasthenia causes fatigue of the ocular muscles typically worsening at the end of the day.
- MS may have dysarthria, but reflexes are normal, sensation is impaired and bladder function is frequently affected.
- Alzheimer's has normal neuro exam with cognitive disability.
- Huntington's causes a movement disorder with writhing choreiform movements of the body.
- Myasthenia causes fatigue of the ocular muscles typically worsening at the end of the day.
elevated serum calcium
"punched out" osseous lesions
plasma cell infiltration of bone marrow
low testosterone levels in men
low levels of physical activity
inadequate dietary protein
chronic corticosteroid use
Calcium Pyrophosphate (pseudogout) is Prism-shaped crystals with Positive birefringence - To remember this think "P"seudogout has "P"rism shaped crystals and "P"ositive birefringence.
Tetracyclines (A & E) should be avoided.
PCN does not work for Chlamydia.
Quinolones (norfloxacin) are contraindicated.
Doxycycline is contraindicated in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.
brown recluse spider
black widow spider
Dermacentor andersoni tick
In pre-renal ARF, the sodium content of the urine would be decreased (because the patient is volume depleted, so the kidneys try to retain Na - less is in the urine)
intrarenal — glomerulonephritis
intrarenal — acute tubular necrosis
In intrarenal disease, the urine would contain casts.
intrarenal — interstitial nephritis
the intensity of the murmur increases during a valsalva maneuver
the intensity of the murmur decreases during standing
the murmur does not change while the patient squat
the intensity of the murmur decreases during exercise
elevation of the legs while the patient is supine increases the intensity of the murmur
pleural fluid:serum LDH ratio >0.6
pleural fluid specific gravity < 1.006
pleural fluid without protein
pleural fluid without LDH
pleural fluid:serum protein ratio <0.5
A patient presents with severe diarrhea described as watery and bloody. He states he ate some chicken at a farm and wasn't sure if it was cooked well enough. His stool demonstrates many WBC's and S-shaped gram-neg rods. Which of the following antimicrobial agent of choice should be used to treat this patient?
acute bacterial prostatitis
acute biliary colic
dissecting aortic aneurysm
bretylium 500 mg intravenously
verapamil 5 mg intravenously
adenosine 6 mg intravenously
digoxin 0.5 mg intravenously
lidocaine 100 mg intravenously
the anterior aspect of the lung bases
the lingual of the left lung
the right middle lobe
the posterior aspect of the lung bases
the apices of the lungs
a rounded head
a double row of caudal plates
the length of the snake
the presence of a black band next to a red band
hepatitis B vaccine
delivering the first child at an age greater than 40 years old
a positive family history of ovarian cancer
present age greater than 50 years old
oral contraceptive use
the presence of catheters or shunts for therapeutic intervention