Emergency Medicine Rotation

Emergency Medicine Rotation (EOR) Exam Topic List

EMERGENCY MEDICINE ROTATION

PAEA™ Exam Topic List

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CARDIOVASCULAR (PEARLS)
Acute/subacute bacterial endocarditis Heart failure
Angina Hypertensive emergencies
Arrhythmias Hypotension

(cardiogenic shock, orthostatic hypotension)

Cardiac tamponade Orthopnea
Chest pain Palpitations
Conduction disorders

(atrial fibrillation/flutter, supraventricular tachycardia, bundle branch block, ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, premature beats)

Pericardial effusion
Coronary heart disease

(non-ST acute myocardial infarction, ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, unstable angina, prinzmetal/variant angina)

Peripheral vascular disease
Dyspnea on exertion Syncope
Edema Valvular disease

(aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation)

Vascular disease

(aortic aneurysm/dissection, arterial occlusion/thrombosis, phlebitis)

ORTHOPEDICS/RHEUMATOLOGY (PEARLS)
Back strain/sprain Herniated disk
Bursitis/tendonitis Low back pain
Cauda equina Osteomyelitis
Costochondritis Pain
Ecchymosis/erythema Septic arthritis
Fractures/dislocations (shoulder, forearm/wrist/hand, hip, knee, ankle/foot) Soft tissue injuries
Gout Sprains/strains
Swelling/deformity
GASTROINTESTINAL/NUTRITIONAL (PEARLS)
Abdominal pain Giardiasis and other parasitic infections
Acute appendicitis Heartburn
Acute cholecystitis Hematemesis
Acute hepatitis Hemorrhoids (thrombosed)
Acute pancreatitis Hernia (incarcerated/strangulated)
Anal fissure/fistula/abscess Infectious diarrhea
Anorexia Inflammatory bowel disease/toxic megacolon
Change in bowel habits/diarrhea/constipation Ischemic bowel disease
Cholangitis Jaundice
Cirrhosis Mallory-Weiss tear
Diarrhea/constipation Melena; bleeding per rectum
Diverticular disease Nausea/vomiting
Esophagitis Obstruction (small bowel, large bowel, volvulus)
Gastritis Peptic ulcer disease
Gastroenteritis  
Gastrointestinal bleeding  
PULMONOLOGY (PEARLS)
Acute bronchiolitis Pleural effusion
Acute bronchitis Pleuritic chest pain
Acute epiglottitis Pneumonia (bacterial, viral, fungal, human immunodeficiency virus-related)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome Pneumothorax
Asthma Pulmonary embolism
Croup Respiratory syncytial virus
Foreign body aspiration Shortness of breath
Hemoptysis Tuberculosis
Influenza Wheezing
Lung cancer  
Pertussis  
NEUROLOGY (PEARLS)
Altered level of consciousness/coma Numbness/paresthesia
Bell palsy Seizure (symptom)
Encephalitis Seizure disorders
Epidural/subdural hematoma Spinal cord injury
Guillain-Barré syndrome Status epilepticus
Head trauma/concussion/contusion Stroke
Headache (migraine, cluster, tension) Subarachnoid hemorrhage/cerebral
Intracerebral hemorrhage aneurysm
Loss of consciousness/change in mental status Syncope
Loss of coordination/ataxia Transient ischemic attack
Loss of memory Vertigo
Meningitis Weakness/paralysis
ENOT/OPHTHALMOLOGY (PEARLS)
Acute laryngitis Hyphema
Acute otitis media Labyrinthitis
Acute pharyngitis (viral, bacterial) Macular degeneration (wet)
Acute sinusitis Mastoiditis
Allergic rhinitis Nasal congestion
Barotrauma Optic neuritis
Blepharitis Orbital cellulitis
Blow-out fracture Otitis externa
Conjunctivitis Papilledema
Corneal abrasion/ulcer Peritonsillar abscess
Dacryoadenitis Retinal detachment
Dental abscess Retinal vein occlusion
Ear pain Sore throat
Epiglottitis Trauma/hematoma (external ear)
Epistaxis Tympanic membrane perforation
Foreign body (eye, ear, nose) Vertigo
Glaucoma (acute angle closure) Vision loss
UROLOGY/RENAL (PEARLS)
Acid/base disorders Incontinence
Acute renal failure Nephrolithiasis
Cystitis Orchitis
Dysuria Prostatitis
Epididymitis Pyelonephritis
Fluid and electrolyte disorders Suprapubic/flank pain
Glomerulonephritis Testicular torsion
Hematuria Urethritis
Hernias
DERMATOLOGY (PEARLS)
Bullous pemphigoid Lice
Burns Pilonidal disease
Cellulitis Pressure sores
Dermatitis (eczema, contact) Rash
Discharge Scabies
Drug eruptions Spider bites
Erysipelas Stevens-Johnson syndrome
Herpes zoster Toxic epidermal necrolysis
Impetigo Urticaria
Itching Viral exanthems
ENDOCRINOLOGY (PEARLS)
Adrenal insufficiency Hyperthyroidism
Cushing disease Hypothyroidism
Diabetes insipidus Nonketotic hyperglycemia
Diabetes mellitus Palpitations
Diabetic ketoacidosis Thyroiditis
Heat/cold intolerance Tremors
Hyperparathyroidism
OBSTETRICS/GYNECOLOGY (PEARLS)
Amenorrhea  Pelvic inflammatory disease
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Pelvic pain/dysmenorrhea
Ectopic pregnancy Placenta abruption
Endometriosis Placenta previa
Fetal distress Premature rupture of membranes
Intrauterine pregnancy Spontaneous abortion
Mastitis/breast abscess Vaginal discharge
Ovarian cysts Vaginitis
PSYCHIATRY/BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE (PEARLS)
Anxiety disorders Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
Bipolar and related disorders Spouse or partner neglect/violence
Depressive disorders Substance use disorders
Neurocognitive disorders Suicide
Panic disorder
Posttraumatic stress disorder
HEMATOLOGY (PEARLS)
Acute leukemia Hemolytic anemia
Anemia Hypercoagulable states
Aplastic anemia Lymphomas
Clotting factor disorders Polycythemia
Easy bruising Sickle cell anemia/crisis
Fatigue Thrombocytopenia
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