Prostate cancer: The Daily PANCE Blueprint

Prostate cancer: The Daily PANCE Blueprint

A 72-year-old African American male presents to the clinic complaining of weight loss, fatigue, and back pain. During the physical exam, you palpate an enlarged, irregular, nodular prostate. Which of the following is the most important risk factor for the development of this most likely diagnosis?

A. Genetic factors
B. Ethnicity
C. Increasing age
D. Obesity
E. High meat diet

Answer and topic summary

The answer is C. Increasing age

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men (excluding skin cancer) — as about 1 in 8 men will get it. The most important risk factor for the development of prostate cancer is increasing age. Other risk factors include ethnicity, genetic factors, obesity, tobacco, and a diet high in animal fat. Clinical manifestations may include non-specific urinary symptoms (frequency, urgency, etc), hematuria, bone pain, elevated PSA, and an indurated/asymmetrical prostate with nodules on digital rectal exam. Diagnosis is made by a transrectal biopsy of the prostate.

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Smarty PANCE Content Blueprint Review:

Covered under ⇒ PANCE Blueprint GenitourinaryNeoplasms of the Genitourinary SystemProstate cancer

Also found in Internal Medicine EOR PAEA blueprint

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