The NCCPA™ PANCE and PANRE Dermatology Content Blueprint covers three disorders under Eczematous Eruptions
|Dermatitis||1. Contact dermatitis: well-demarcated erythema, erosions, vesicles
2. Atopic dermatitis: Pruritic, eczematous lesions, xerosis (dry skin), and lichenification (thickening of the skin and an increase in skin markings). Most common on flexor creases (ex. antecubital and popliteal folds)
3. Nummular eczema: Coin-shaped/discCoin-shaped
4. Seborrheic dermatitis (cradle cap): Erythematous, yellowish greasy scales, crusted lesions.
5. Perioral dermatitis: Young women. Papulopustular, plaques, and scales around the mouth.
|Dyshidrosis||Characterized by a pruritic vesicular eruption comprised of clear, deep-seated vesicles without erythema erupting on the lateral aspects of fingers, the central palm, and plantar surfaces.
Treatment: petroleum jelly, moisturizer, cold compresses, and topical steroids
|Lichen simplex chronicus||Lichen simplex chronicus (LSC) is a chronic dermatitis resulting from chronic, repeated rubbing or scratching of the skin. Skin becomes thickened with accentuated lines (“lichenification”). The constant scratching causes thick, leathery, brownish skin
Treatment: Break the itch-scratch cycle (anti-histamines, occlusive dressing)