The Daily PANCE and PANRE Question 45

An elderly patient is recovering from pneumonia caused by Influenza. Suddenly, the patient's condition deteriorates. You order a chest x-ray that demonstrates an air-fluid level, suggestive of an abscess. You empirically begin treatment for:

  1. Streptococcal pneumoniae
  2. Chlamydia
  3. Haemophilus influenzae
  4. Staphylococcus aureus
  5. Legionella pneumophila

Answer: D

Staphylococcus aureus

Empyema (lung abscess) is almost always staph aureus. While strep pneumonia is the most common CAP, when a complication like an empyema occurs, it is almost always staph.

Know Your Content Blueprint

There are four types of pneumonia covered in the NCCPA™ Content Blueprint Pulmonary System (12%)

Learn more about these different types of pneumonia and the key terms used to differentiate between the various forms: Pneumonia (PEARLS)

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