|Mastoiditis (ReelDx)||Complication of acute otitis media. Fever, otalgia, pain & erythema posterior to the ear, and forward displacement of the external ear.
TX: IV antibiotics (ceftriaxone), drainage of middle ear fluid
|Meniere disease||Vertigo attacks lasting hours, classic triad of low-frequency hearing loss, tinnitus with aural (ear) fullness and vertigo
TX: Low salt diet, diuretics (HCTZ + triamterene) to reduce aural pressure
|Tinnitus||A perceived sensation of sound in the absence of an external acoustic stimulus; often described as a ringing, hissing, buzzing, or whooshing.
TX: No pharmacologic agent has been shown to cure or consistently alleviate tinnitus