|Macular degeneration||Gradual painless loss of central vision. The macula is responsible for central visual acuity which is why macular degeneration causes gradual central field loss.
TX: Wet age-related macular degeneration
Dry age-related macular degeneration
|Retinal detachment||Vertical curtain coming down across the field of vision may sense floaters or flashes at onset, loss of vision over several hours.
TX: Stay supine (lying face upward) with head turned towards the side of the detached retina
|Retinopathy||Leading cause of blindness most common is diabetic retinopathy.
TX: control of blood glucose and BP